Dernière mise à jour le : 20 janvier 2010

Note on the real-time time detection of a Karenia mikimotoi bloom from space in the Western English Channel in July 2010

DESCRIPTION

Karenia mikimotoi is a dinoflagellate common in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean, particularly in summer. Recent K. mikimotoi blooms in Western Ireland (Silke et al., 2005), Scottish waters (Davidson et al., 2006), and the English Channel (Vanhoutte-Brunier et al., 2008) have been reported and described. This dinoflagellate is feared as it may impact the marine animal population directly, through its haemolitic cytotoxin, or indirectly through hypoxia during the degradation of the bloom when its biomass is high. In 2003, a major K. mikimotoi bloom, visible from space, occurred from the end of June to the beginning of August offshore in the Western English Channel. The bloom started between Northern Brittany and Cornwall. It then developed eastward as the thermal stratification set up and favoured its habitat, progressing easterly with the season. Despite the considerable cell concentration level, the damages were limited as the bloom was mainly offshore. No apparent damage was reported in the Channel Islands and only some dead fish and visible stress in the growth of some shellfish species, for instance Pecten maximus, were reported.

Some K. mikimotoi blooms are at too great a depth, or are not large enough to be visible from space. However, some reach such an extent and have a sufficiently high concentration of pigment and particles in the surface waters that they can be observed by space-borne Ocean Colour sensors as SeaWiFS, MODIS/AQUA a,d MERIS. At this size and density of bloom it may also be possible in some conditions to discriminate K.mikimotoi from other species (Miller et al., 2006).

NOTICE BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE DETAILLÉE

keyboard_arrow_right Titre : Note on the real-time time detection of a Karenia mikimotoi bloom from space in the Western English Channel in July 2010
keyboard_arrow_right Type de documentation : Rapports
keyboard_arrow_right Auteur(s) personne(s) : Cutting, Jane , Le Bec Claude, Gohin, Francis
keyboard_arrow_right Date de publication : 20 janvier 2010
keyboard_arrow_right Tags thématiques : relation santé-environnement, microbiologie, phytoplancton
keyboard_arrow_right Mots-clés libres : EN
keyboard_arrow_right Langue : Anglais

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