Dernière mise à jour le : 8 février 2011

Contribution of hydrodynamic conditions during shallow water stages to the sediment balance on a tidal flat: Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, Normandy, France

DESCRIPTION

Field measurements were conducted in Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, a megatidal embayment (spring tidal range of 15 m), in order to monitor, over the course of a tidal cycle, sediment transport variability due to waves and tides on the upper part of a tidal ?at characterised by shallow water depths. Sensors used to measure currents, water depth and turbidity were installed just above the bed (0.04 m). Two experiments were conducted under contrasting hydrodynamic conditions. The results highlight wave activity over the tidal ?at even though observed wind waves were largely dissipated due to the very shallow water depths. Very high suspended sediment concentrations (up to 6 kg/m3) were recorded in the presence of wave activity at the beginning of the local ?ood, when signi?cant sediment transport occurred, up to 7 times as much as under conditions of no wave activity. This in?uence may be attributed to the direct action of waves on bed sediments, to wave-induced liquefaction, and to the erosive action of waves on tidal channel banks. The sediment composition, comprising a clay fraction of 2e5%, may also enhance sediment transport by reducing critical shear stress through the sand lubrication effect. The results also show that antecedent meteorological conditions play an important role in suspended sedi- ment transport on the tidal ?at. Total sediment ?ux directions show a net transport towards the inner part of the bay that contributes to deposition over the adjacent salt marshes, and this tendency also prevails during strong wave conditions. Such sediment transport is characterised by signi?cant vari- ability over the course of the tidal cycle. During fair and moderate weather conditions, 83% and 71% of the total ?ux was observed, respectively, over only 11% and 28% of the duration of the local tidal cycle and with water depths between 0.04 and 0.3 m. These results suggest that in order to improve our under- standing of sediment budgets in this type of coastal environment, it is essential to record data just at the beginning and at the end of tidal submergence close to the bed.

NOTICE BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE DETAILLÉE

keyboard_arrow_right Titre : Contribution of hydrodynamic conditions during shallow water stages to the sediment balance on a tidal flat: Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, Normandy, France
keyboard_arrow_right Type de documentation : Articles
keyboard_arrow_right Auteur(s) personne(s) : Levoy, F. , Anthony, E.J. , Monfort, O. , Gluard, L. , Robin, N. , Desguée, R.
keyboard_arrow_right Date de publication : 8 février 2011
keyboard_arrow_right Editeur(s) : Elsevier
keyboard_arrow_right Tags thématiques : sédiment, marée
keyboard_arrow_right Langue : Anglais
keyboard_arrow_right Collection : Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

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